Scorecard for Designers
by Fred Balin, firstname.lastname@example.org
with Tim Malm on networking, email@example.com.
Created: May 13, 2003
does Jaguar stack up as an operating system for folks in
design and print?
report is based on a talk at the recent MacResolutions
seminar, The Designer's Transition to Mac OS X, and
identifies and rates the key features in Mac OS X v. 10.2
that relate specifically to this creative audience.
Scoring and comments below reflect our judgment on each key
feature relevant to design and print professionals.
Area (and Related Symbols)
Benefit (B or b)
Confusion (?, ??, or ???)
Loss (L or l)
Time (T or t)
Cost ($, $$, or $$$)
Authors' comments below in
Performance and Productivity
No extensions or startup files to configure or worry
Difficult to crash the system; you may never need to
restart unless you install software or boot into Mac OS 9
System allocates resources among running
Mac OS 9's cooperative multitasking is not as
Application's memory is unavailable to any other
When an application goes belly up, the system and
applications keep on running.
Force Quit (Apple-Option-Escape) really works and allows
a choice from among all running applications.
Memory Allocation (B)
No virtual memory settings to configure.
No memory preferences within an application to
System and Cocoa applications (i.e., those written for OS
X only) can do several tasks at once.
Examples: Simultaneous printings; multiple application
Added boost for dual processor Macs
Enables the Mac OS and each application to run
Time tested Unix underpinings
dramatically increase stability, performance, and
productivity. Now for the oddities......
Structure (??, l)
Different arrangement of files and folders.
Separate Mac OS 9 and OS X Desktops and Application,
System and Docs folders.
OS X Concept of a Users folder.
Multiple OS X "Domains," including User, Local, and
It's better if you:
-Don't rename and/or move key files and folders
-Keep applications in one of the designated application
-keep all you data files within your Home folder.
Can we be rigid?
Multiple-User Environment (b)
Separate, protected home folder for each user
Not important if you are the sole user on yor
Permissions, and Passwords (???)
Increased file security; each file is "owned" by user who
Some files are created by the system itself.
Potential restrictions on altering, deleting, and
Only certain ("Administrator") users can install
If you're the sole user on the machine, it will be
mostly invisible to you..
Unix and other operating systems require them.
Mac OS X hides extensions by default, but they are still
Can turn them on globally via Finder Preferences, or for
individual files via File->Get Info, or when you
Hey! Macintosh was supposed to be about and end to
this nonsense. Nonetheless, if you can stomach it, it's
best to show extensions and get used to them.
Easily change to a second language (via System
50 languages built in.
Programs must be written to support this feature.
Examples: Apple's Mac OS X applications, Acrobat Reader,
Single world-wide character set that works with most
languages, including character-heavy ones such as
Japanese, Chinese, and Korean.
Was also in OS 9.
Mac OS 9 Running Within
Mac OS X (B, ?)
Run your old applications within Mac OS X.
Copy and paste and/or drag and drop between Classic and
Can lead to confusion, especially with fonts.
Same stability issues as with Mac OS 9
An incredible accomplishment; avoid as much as
Goes way beyond Key Caps.
Easily preview all glyphs in a font.
Select from among all fonts or just those that contain a
Add glyphs to a document and/or store them as
Palette appears as separate menu.
Enable it via System
No need for Adobe Type Manager wthin Aqua
However ATM Lite 4.6.2 still needed within Classic to
Best of both PostScript and TrueType in a single file
Same font can be used on PCs and Macs with no text
Dramatically expands the number of characters: 65,000
Significant for non-Roman fonts.
Roman fonts can include more glyphs (e.g., styles, small
caps, fractions, swashes)
Was supported in OS 9 via later versions of ATM
Now support is built in.
Individual applications must also support it; Another
point for InDesign over Quark, which sports full OpenType
TrueType (.ttf) Support (b)
Move the fonts right over from the PC to the Mac, and use
Font, the dfont (b)
Unix variant of TrueType.
Mac OS X includes a neat collection.
Can't use in Mac OS 9 applications or with service bureau
unless embedded in PDF.
PostScript, and Multiple Master Support
As in OS 9.
Font Stability (B)
Much harder to corrupt fonts.
Number of Fonts Can Be Stored in Fonts Folders
Mac OS 9 had a limit to the number items in System
Not a great idea to have a ton of fonts in your OS 9
font folder anyway.
Folder Support (b)
Mac OS X v 10.2 and up recognizes fonts nested within
folders inside font folders.
Mac OS 9 did not.
Within Cocoa applications (i.e, those built
exclusively for OS X)
To see it, open Mail or Text Edit and select
Shows Apple's direction for software
Now the problems:
Difficulty Determining Font
Type (l, ?)
Icon on all fonts is the same.
No visual distinction between suitcases and printer
Can't Open Font Suitcases
Within OS X (l)
Need a font manager or shareware utility to se
Multiple Font Locations
Where are the darn fonts? A very confusing system.
In Mac OS 9, fonts are in System Folder->Fonts unless
you used a font manager.
In Mac OS X, at least three additional locations. At the
- User level in [your home
- Local level in Library->Fonts, and
- System Level in System->Library->Fonts
It's quite possible, even likely, to have a font with
same name in several locations
Which one does the system use?
There is a precedence order...It's really quite
simple.....if you're a geek
"Use Fonts in the User level,
Before fonts in the Local level,
Before fonts in the System level,
Then go to fonts in the Classic fonts folder (even if
Classic is not running),
Unless you're running a Classic application, then look in
Classic fonts first."
Bottom Line: You need a font manager.
The choices are Font Reserve 3.1, Suitcase 10.2, and Font
(2-D Graphics Engine)
Based on PostScript and It's Subset, PDF
Apple's implementation of the Adobe imaging model
Embodies full PDF 1.3 (Acrobat 4) and some of PDF 1.4
(Acrobat 5) specification.
Hi-quality screen rendering, antialiasing, and
Enables Aqua's translucent jelly-bean widgets,
see-through menus, and all that Jazz
Easy conversion of any file to PostScript.
Built-in Color Sync; all objects have ICC profiles
The new standard for the underpinnings of a graphical
Save as PDF (B, ??)
Via Print dialog box within an application.
Screen optimized PDFs; not suitable for professional
No way to adjust settings (e.g., downsampling); no
Does embed fonts; a nice quick-and-dirty solution for
You still need Adobe's Distiller or applications with
PDF libraries built-in.
Off-Loaded to Video Card (b, $)
Speeds Aqua's processing
Requires recent video card (i.e., GeForce2 MX, GeForce3,
GeForce4 MX, GeForce4 Ti, any AGP-based ATI RADEON card
with at least 16MB of VRAM.)
Unless you have many, many open windows, you probably
won't notice the difference.
Visual treat plus new functionality
Drop your file in the wrong place? Edit->Undo, and its
One level undo only; I'll take it.
Finder Copy and
Copy file or folder (with all its contents) and paste it
Combines aspects of Mac OS 9 Launcher, Application Menu,
and Control Strip.
Click and hold or Control-click Dock icon for application
options or folder hierarchy
Can get in the way; use Apple-Option-D to hide and show
Not perfect; some love it, some hate it; overall it's
Tool Bar (b)
Mini-Dock at the top of each Window.
Column View (B)
Fast-lane addition to venerable List and Icon Views.
Quick access to all levels of each volume.
All appears in Save and Open dialo boxes.
Default has each newly-opened window replace the old
Subtle, but midly dis-orienting difference from the
Can return to Mac OS 9 style window proliferation
globally, via Finder->Preferences, or locally, via
Window Button, or use of Apple key.
List View multiple select: Use of shift and command key
reversed from that in OS 9
New Folder: Apple-N now gives you a new Finder Window;
New Open/Save Dialog
Boxes (b, ?)
Significantly different from OS 9.
Easy access to common, recent, and favorite places
Click arrow to display Column View for additional
Takes a little getting used to.
Replaced with Minimize (to Dock)
Can reinstate via shareware, WindowShade X.
Apple's integrated multimedia suite of iPhoto, iTunes,
iMovie, and iDVD.
Worth the price of Jaguar by itself.
Apple's implementation of AOL Instant Messenger.
Also runs on your local wired or wireless network.
Another great way to get around the boss.
Redesigned for Internet use only
Movies, Maps, eBay, Yellow Pages, and more
Apple's ripoff of earlier version of neat shareware,
Use Finder's File->Find (Apple-F) for local
Networking, File Sharing, Collaboration
Was is in OS 9, but is now the default for networking.
Auto-discovery of computers on the local network
Reinstates part of what AppleTalk always
Prioritized auto-search for active network interfaces
(i.e., Ethernet, Airport, modem
No need to reconfigure when making a change.
To and from Macs, PCs, and Unix boxes.
There are no valid reasons not have Macs in a
All ports blocked by default.
Open desired ports via System Preferences->Sharing
Can enable FTP access onto you Mac
Popular but insecure trasnfers; FTP sends all data
including passwords as clear text.
Interface for Users and Groups (L)
Guests can put files in your drop box.
Otherwise, provide user name and password and share
There is no inbetween built-in.
A take away; Apple wants you to purchase Mac OS X
server for these options.
Shareware application, Sharepoints, re-enables this
functionality, but are you ready to trust your
livelihood to it?
support for PPPoE (b)
No need for Enternet or MacPoet software (often used with
basic, residential DSL for a single Mac).
Popular. powerful, and ubiquitous web server is built
For full server configuarations via graphic interface,
you need Mac OS X Server.
Sharing via AppleTalk
Connect to older non-OS X Macs
Enable within specific network interfaces in System
Unfairly maligned, venerable protocol lives on as
legacy resident in Jaguar.
Secure geek entry into your Mac; leave it turned
off in Network-.Sharing.
Relatively new protocol
Allows several developers to work on the same files at
the same time over a network.
Requires files to be on a WebDAV-enabled server.
More secure than FTP
Built-in Support for
Many Printers (b)
Often no driver or PPD installation is required.
for IP-based Printing (B)
Allows you to print locally or over the Internet.
Need to enter exact IP address; cannot auto-discover.
Was available in OS 9 via the Desktop Printer Utility;
now integrated under sole roof of the Print Center
As in OS 9
Enable via System Preferences->[selected Network
USB Printer Sharing (B,
Easy as pie for other Jaguar Macs on the local network to
use your USB printer.
Enable via System Preferences->Sharing.
Sharing via other Macs is much more complicated.
Replaced with cues created and visible within Print
Need several clicks to track your print job.
Unfortunately, it's now less convenient to keep track
of your print jobs.
Printing from Finder (l)
Can use shareware, Print Window.
Printing and networking functions now separated.
Print Center handles printer configuration and cues.
Networking, via System Preferences->Network
Configure AppleTalk, USB, and IP/LPR printers.
Create print cues; select default printer; manage print
Can't change a cue's PPD selection; must delete cue and
make new one.
New Rendezvous-enabled printers are dynamically
Help for newbies
Dialog Box (b)
Consistent interface across most applications.
Pull-down menus as in OS 9.
Any printer can be selected: Mac OS 9 was restricted to
Can save custom presets; nice addition
Generate screen-res PDF; not for professional
Easy output to PostScript
For use, you guessed it, when printing from within
Classic Compatibility Environment.
Select printer via Chooser as in OS 9;
No desktop printers implemented withiin Classic; Print
Monitor will indicate progress.
New Hardware and/or
Recommend you use a PowerMac G4 with AGP card
Recommend you removed old low-end SCSI cards and
Your printers should connect via USB or Ethernet.
Software Upgrades and/or New
Application Purchases ($$)
Mac OS X v 10.2 ("Jaguar")
Illustrator X / Freehand X
Font Reserve 3.1, Suitcase 10.2, or Font Agent Pro
New, faster Mac?
Second, larger internal hard drive for older Mac?
Installs, configurations, data transfers.
13. Learning Curve
With just an hour or two or coaching, you'll be well
on your way.
New Applications (T, $)
Switch to InDesign? Allow significant time.
New font manager? You may need initial setup
Let me know if you have any questions or comments.
Fred Balin, firstname.lastname@example.org